A Critique of Robert Spencer’s Views Regarding Dhimmis and Jizya

  • Journal Editor Al-Idah Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar
  • Mr.Saeed Akhtar Dr.Ata ur Rahman


The following research paper is an academic and historical study of Robert  Spencer’s views about Dhimmis and Jizya. According to Robert Spencer, dhimmis are treated like ‘guilty’ people and subjected to biased and stringent conditions. Furthermore, he believes that there is an entire system of regulations that institutionalize an inferior status for non-Muslims in Islamic law. This paper is an academic effort, aiming to prove that Islam does not treat non-Muslim citizens as inferior and second class citizens nor imposes unbearably rigorous taxes on them. It consists of two parts: the first deals with Robert Spencer’s views regarding Dhimmis and the second part takes into account his views about Jizya. In this connection, all his views and allegations have been taken into consideration and an attempt has been made to absolve Islam of such groundless allegations.

How to Cite
Al-Idah, J.E. and Mr.Saeed Akhtar Dr.Ata ur Rahman 2019. A Critique of Robert Spencer’s Views Regarding Dhimmis and Jizya. Al-Idah . 29, - 2 (Jun. 2019), 107 - 116.