A Scientific and comparative study of Four Schools of thoughts Regarding the Definition, Interpretation and Applied Forms of Nikāh.
نکاح کی تعریف و تعبیر اور اس کی تین اطلاقی صورتوں سے متعلق مذاہب اربعہ کا علمی و تقابلی مطالعہ
Nikah is a proper way of breeding human race on earth. From literary point of view the Arabic word Nikah conveys the meanings of merger, amalgamation, intermingling or welding together and alike. According to Islamic law and jurisprudence the word Nikah signifies an interrelationship between a male and female proceeded by a specific contract. This procedure is termed as “Aqd e Nikah” which is furthered by the words of Ijab and Qabul.The early Muslim jurists of four schools of thoughts produce valuable and comprehensive definitions and interpretation of the word Nikah with reference to its literal meanings. Its juristic application in the light of Quran, Sunnah and Ijma is present in detail. All the above definitions and interpretation have been referred to the original classical jurist literature of four schools of thought with correspondingthree applied forms i.e.Nikah kitabiya, NikahMu’aqqat or Mutta’ and Nikah Shighar have been taken as test cases that how the earlier jurists successfully went through the formation, embodiment, streamlining and shaping these according to Islamic law and jurisprudence.
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