http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/issue/feed Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar 2020-05-11T04:22:10+00:00 Dr. Rashad Ahmad Saljoq al_idah@uop.edu.pk Open Journal Systems <p>Al-Idah is an International peer reviewed, Open Access,HEC approved “X” category, bi-annual research journal. Its domain is Islamic Studies&amp; theology and we encourage submissions related to the contemporary challenges by the Muslim Ummah. Our focus lies in the spreading of true progressive moderate and adoptive picture of Islam that embraces diversity and difference. The essence of Islam lies in peace and tolerance.</p> <p>More specifically, Al- Idah takes&nbsp;regular submissions from academic professionals and&nbsp;researchers&nbsp;belongs toUloom e Quran,Hadith and Rules of Hadith, Seerat e Nabvi,&nbsp; Jurisprudence, Islamic History, Comparative Jurisprudence, Comparative Study of Religion,, Anti Extremism, Social Sciences and&nbsp;related disciplines.</p> <p>With this aim the articles may be addressed to any related issues – social, economic, political, technological, theological- falling in the domain of theology and Islam. Our mission is to create awareness and spread the authentic teachings of Islam. Today Al-Idah is the luminary in the research world due to the acumen of its valued contributors and their high- quality research parameters that make it what it is.</p> http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/535 قواعد الترجيح التفسيرية المتعلقة بلغة العرب عند الشيخ القنوجي 2020-05-11T03:44:25+00:00 Dr. Nasrumminallah Mujahid, (Vice Chancellor Afghan University, Kabul AFGHANISTAN) nasrafghani@gmail.com <p><em>This study focuses on the preferences of Sheikh Seddique Hassan Khān Al-Qannūjī which are related to the language of the Arabs in his Tafsīr, Fatḥul Bayān Fī Maqāsid Al-Qur'ān, including to linguistic and grammatical point of views. In addition to this, this study will collect widely spread sayings of Sheikh Al-Qannūjī in his Tafsīr by seeking preference over others opinions. </em></p> <p><em>The study contains the most important rules of</em> <em>the preferences in linguistic and grammatical point of views, applied by Sheikh Al-Qannūjī</em> <em>in his Tafsīr which are the base of preferring of some commentators over others, which does not dispel the interpreter when interpreting the</em> <em>Holy Qur'ān, especially with regard to the language of the Arabs</em><em>.</em><em>These rules are related to the use of words, pronouns and expressions built by Arabs. In addition, this study is also based on the extent of Sheikh Al-Qannūjī in the use of these rules to the right and apply them correctly and the extent of his departure and not to employ them appropriately</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>The present study will undertake the methodology of Al-Qannūjī, where he in his commentary vividly used the linguistic and grammatical rules of Arabic language to prefer his opinion while comparing to others opinion.</em></p> 2020-03-04T07:49:53+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/371 ترجيحات الإمام المودودي -رحمه الله- في تفسيره تفهيم القرآن 2020-05-11T03:46:42+00:00 Dr. Rabia Noor (Visiting Lecturer, International Islamic University Islamabad) raabia.noor54@gmail.com <p><em>Imām Mawdūdī is among the famous commentator of Qur'ān in recent world. He is the commentator of “Tafhīm-ul-Qur'ān”. The aim of this article is deal with preferences and distinctive ideas presented by different commentators in their own commentaries so as to delineate various standpoints and</em> <em>interpretations. This study also highlighted a complete explanation from a single word to a complete verse of Sūrah Baqara.</em></p> <p><em>The article is centered on the idea that is twofold in its nature. The former deals with the ideas of different commentators on a specific point and first of all, the verse of Qur'ān is noted down, after that the subject matter and then the researcher refers to the text of Imam Mawdūdī is highlighted. The later part of the research deals with concluding thoughts that indicates the best idea among the varieties of commentaries in the light of those principles that make it best. </em></p> <p><em>The researcher has also presented primary and secondary sources of data regarding the subject matter that includes classical records and recent books. All the pertinent sources are mentioned at the footnotes of the article.</em></p> 2020-03-04T07:59:49+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/588 أوهام الإمام سفيان بن عيينة في الأسانيد 2020-05-11T04:22:10+00:00 Dr. Muhammad Imran (Assistant Professor, Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, UOP) mimran.szic@uop.edu.pk Dr. Muhammad Anwar (Lecturer, Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, UOP) anwariiui@gmail.com <p><em>Misconception of narrators is one of the major reasons which influence the soundness of Hadīth and Invalidate the Narrators. Imam Sufyan bin oyaynah was one of the renowned and indulgent Muslim scholars of Hadīth. But sometimes, in narrating Hadīth he misinterprets and goes in contradiction to other narrators.</em></p> <p><em>This article attempts to analyze narrations of Imām Sufyan bin Oyaynah in which he misapprehends Hadīth chains. This study employed a critical and comparative research methodology for investigating misapprehend the Hadīth narrated by Imām sufyan. This study will contribute in the field of Hadīth and its sciences and will be beneficial for researchers and scholars of Hadīth.</em></p> 2020-03-05T03:42:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/435 عقوبة التعدي على الأنفس وأثرهافي استتباب الأمن 2020-05-11T03:49:29+00:00 Dr. Ehsan Ullah Abdul Samad (PhD Scholar, Hadith & Its Sciences IIU, Islamabad) EHGB2010@GMAIL.COM Prof. Dr. Taj ud Din Al-Azhari (Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, Hitec University, Taxila) EHGB2010@GMAIL.COM <p><em>This research work depicts the importance of implementing those punishment Islam prescribed against physical injury. Those punishments which involve physical injuries are mainly focused. </em></p> <p><em>After establishing the validity of Islamic punishments, the writer has elaborated the punishment of those who kill or cause injuries to others unintentionally. </em></p> <p><em>Considering the sensitivity of legal retribution Muslim jurists have set forth certain conditions which must be met before decreeing any capital punishment. </em></p> <p><em>According the writer Islamic punishments hold the features of all contemporary theories namely; deterrent, preventive, retributive or reformative etc. </em></p> <p><em>This work has addressed the following questions:</em></p> <p><em>How much importance does Islam give to peace and order? </em></p> <p><em>How for Islamic penalties play a role in keeping peace in a society? </em></p> <p><em>How Islam has a different perspective as compared to secular schools of punishments? </em></p> <p><em>What conditions Islam prescribes for implementation of any punishment? </em></p> <p><em>How Islam distinguishes between a deliberate killing and killing by mistake? </em></p> <p><em>What are the conditions of implementing legal retribution? </em></p> <p><em>What is the overall impact of an Islamic punishment?</em></p> <p><em>Relying upon quantitative method the writer attempts to elucidate on those propositions which were not clear otherwise. He relied upon those texts only which were authentic and unambiguous.&nbsp; Each topic is discussed in the light of different Islamic schools of thought. The researcher has added his own opinion as well where it is necessary to illuminate the subject.</em></p> 2020-03-04T07:44:18+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/551 قول الصحابي عند الإمام الشافعي 2020-05-11T03:52:16+00:00 Dr. Hussain Ahmed Alawi Ba Omar (Assistant professor Department of Social Sciences, Dhofar University, Salalah, OMAN) h_aldheeb@du.edu.om <p><em>This article discusses an important jurisprudential issue related to one of the sources of reasoning by Imām Al-Shāfi’ī, especially in his book (Al-umm), which is the opinions of (Saḥābah) the Companion.</em></p> <p><em>This article collects all the clear texts that are directly related to the companion's opinion in each book (Al-umm), and mentions the jurisprudential events that were mentioned because of them. It aims, therefore, to prove that Imām Al-Shāfi’ī considered the statement of the Companion to be one of the sources of legislation in Islamic jurisprudence, and that it comes after the Qur'ān and Sunnah and before Qiyās.</em></p> <p><em>This article also explains - inference from the texts of Al-Shāfi’ī - the different cases of the companions saying, such as the state of the companions ’consensus and their difference, and the criteria for weighting between the opinions of the companions of jurisprudence in the case of their difference.</em></p> <p><em>In the end, the article concludes that Al-Shāfi'ī considered the statement of the Companion as a legal evidence in itself, and that it is part of the Prophet’s Sunnah, and that the difference of the Companions does not preclude taking some of their sayings. This result is different with the well-known from Shāfi'ī's sayings in the books of Fundamentals of Jurisprudence that were written after him, even books written by jurists belonging to the Shāfi’ī school of thought.</em></p> <p><em>The article relies on the method of extrapolating all texts in the book (Al-umm) in order for the result to be an unquestionable affirmation, and for it to be a reference for all texts related to the subject in this book.</em></p> 2020-03-18T10:15:03+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/559 علاج مشكلات اللجوء في ضوء لجوء الصحابة 2020-05-11T03:53:53+00:00 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdul Razzaq Aswad (Associate Professor in the Prophet’s Traditions (Sunnah) & its Sciences Faculty of Arts Imam Abdul Rahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA) muhammadaswad@hotmail.com <p><em>There is an excellent pattern for us in the life of the Prophet (PBUH), we take gaudiness in the solution of our everyday problems.&nbsp; </em></p> <p><em>Among these problems the problem of asylum, which has spread and has become apparent in the world in general, and in the Islamic world in particular, and this problem has been greatly complicated. We find in the prophetic biography asylum has occurred in the Meccan era, when some of the companions  went to Abyssinia, and took shelter in a non-Muslim country. This migration to Abyssinia is one of the most famous and important phenomena of asylum in Islamic history, which is consider the first political asylum of Muslims to a non-Muslim Country</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;We can learn from this migration and find some solutions to the problem of asylum in the present era. </em></p> <p><em>This study will contribute in the solution of the problem of Muslim minorities in the non-Muslim countries. This study will help the scholars of international law and humanitarian law in their research. </em></p> 2020-03-05T03:44:25+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/595 اللوح المحفوظ 2020-05-11T03:54:56+00:00 Dr .Hasan Nasar Kamis Bathatho (Lecturer, Department of Aqeedah, The Islamic Universty of Gaza, PALESTINE) hbazazoo_2009@hotmail.com Dr. Hidayat ur Rahman (Assistant Professor, Department of Aqeedah , International Islamic University Islamabad) hbazazoo_2009@hotmail.com <p>&nbsp;<em>This research deals with the Al-lawḥ Al-maḥfūz of the preserved plate in terms of its definition, and what is meant by it? And the attributes that God described in the Holy Qur’an and the Prophet&nbsp; mentioned with the statement of the names that ALLAH called him, and I divided the research into an introduction, and three topics in the first topic dealt with the definition of the preserved tablet language and terminology, and in the second research I talked about the names of the preserved tablet contained in the Qur’an The Holy One, and in the third topic I talked about the attributes of the tablet as mentioned in the Holy Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet, then the conclusion and the most important results.</em></p> 2020-03-18T10:04:18+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/624 فلاحی ریاست میں عہدہ داروں کے چناؤکا معیار 2020-05-11T04:18:20+00:00 Dr. Abzahir Khan (Associate Professor, Islamic Studies AWKU, Mardan) abzahir@awkum.edu.pk Muhammad Ayub (MPhil research Scholar Department of Islamic Studies AWKUM) mayub7097@gmail.com <p><em>State is the basic requisite of any coordinated and civilized nation. The state must exist for maintaining harmony, adherence to law and mutual relationship within a nation. Each and every nation has undergone diverse experiences with respect to the state. However, the approach of a welfare state is found is the present day era. The approach of such a welfare state guarantees all the individual and collective rights of a nation. The main focus of a welfare state is human and humanities. All its potentials have to ensure the survival, safety of human beings and safeguarding his life, property and honor. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em><em>A welfare state holds various institutions which for the good and welfare of the masses. in order to run various administrator bodies, it requires competent and skilled persons. These persons and individuals should be equipped with integrity, power to work, moderations, competence, skill and experience in the concern faculty, so that they may put the institutions on the right direction and the people could benefit always.&nbsp; </em></p> <p><em>In the perspective of the related article the standard of selecting office bearers in a welfare state has been dealt with.</em></p> 2020-03-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/525 تقیہ" كی اصطلاح اور علامہ آلوسی كا مؤقف" 2020-05-11T04:00:10+00:00 Sana ullah (PhD research scholar, Department of Islamic Studies, University of Malakand) Sanaullah003@gmail.com <p><em>Taqiya being a legal term absorbed a wide range of debate among Muslim theologins.Ahlu’s – Sunnati wa’al-Jumati considers it as a source of determination and persistence while the Shia school of thought preambles it as a source of permissiveness. Furthermore, Shia edifice provides a course of arguments to assimilate it as a religious obligation that establishes the fundamental of &nbsp;the religion. According to Shia discourses, taqiya should be treated as a paramount element in all social interaction and exclude one who does not commit it from the religion. On the other hand, Ahlu’s-Sunna dignifies one who omits taqiya in his practicalities, because they graded it as admissible while executing religious affairs. Allama Alusi comprehensively discussed this subject in his prominent work and elaborated the arguments of Ahlu’s-Sunna and Shia school of thought.This paper deals with the mentioned subject as well as explore how Alusi prefers the viewpoint of Ahlu’s-Sunnati wa’al-jamati.</em></p> 2020-03-04T08:07:28+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/634 قرآن مجید میں ”أمثال کامنہ“ کی حیثیت 2020-05-11T04:01:36+00:00 Saleemullah Khan (Phd Scholar Department of Arabic University of Peshawar) khansaleemullah82@gmail.com Prof. Dr. Syed ul Hasanat (Prof. Dept: of Arabic University of Peshawar) Sanaullah003@gmail.com <p><em>The Holy Quraan is a Paradigm of Elloquence and a sublime model for rhetorical standards.The worldly life would not be sufficient for the knowledges inferred from this heavenly book.Paremiology ( the study of proverbs ) is one of the prominent&nbsp; influential topics of the holy Quraan&nbsp; whereas&nbsp; it has been one of the main Topics of almost all Heavenly Books.This Research&nbsp; article entertains the questions, Are there&nbsp; General&nbsp; Proverbs and Sayings&nbsp; in the Holy Quraan other than the Special Quranic Proverbs? How many Types of Proverbs are there in the Holy Quraan? Can those verses be declared as proverbs that are used just like proverbs in daily life conversations to deal with the situations? and on. The general Quraanic Proverbs (Amsaal) are somewhat distinct genres of the holy quran for its unique theme and scenic structures. The context of verses in which these proverbs revealed have clearly contains the word ‘‘Masal” and that is why it is called (Amsaal az zahira). In contrast there are some special “Proverb like” verses&nbsp; (Sometimes full verse and sometimes partial) having the quality of currency and transmission (الذيوع والإنتشار) without containing the word ‘‘Masal” used in daily life conversations just like the idiomatic expressions and proverbial sayings which are called Latent proverbs( الأمثال الکامنة) and have been declared as General Proverbs by some of the Literary Scholars.The aim of the study is to add to the clarification of the ambiguity and to uncover the position of those Proverbial Verses to be treated as “Sayings” and “proverbs” frankly in daily life and also in the&nbsp; Literary Works.</em></p> 2020-04-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/286 دینی مدارس میں عصری علوم اورانگریزی زبان کی تعلیم کا جائزہ 2020-05-11T04:03:34+00:00 Dr. Bacha Agha Syed (Assistant Professor, Govt postgraduate college Quetta) agha211179@gmail.com <p><em>Education plays a pivotal role in the development of any nation. The Better the Education, the better would be its impacts on every walk of life of a nation. Education is responsible for the development of social, economic, cultural as well as in the development of every field of life. Therefore the development of the educational system has been the center of every concerned nation, and thought is the sign of the lives of the nations. As all the intellectual processes come from no being into being, and the required length of time needs intensity of thought, depends on the inteluctability of its existence. Education is not a matter of concern even if it is not a part of thought, and if it becomes a part of thought, the length of time required for change is not high. As the world that is developing rapidly, and the knowledge that is attained in the present age, the people who turn away from it will not be able to maintain their presence at the home page. Any healthy, developed and advanced educational system can make real the dream of building a decent and robust nation. In the coming days, nations who do not share their knowledge in the academic field will always be in behind of the developed nations and will always lose the respect and deprivation will always be their lot.</em></p> <p><em>This Research is going to explain the importance of modern Education and to reflect on the importance of English Language in processes of development from Islamic perspectives.</em></p> 2020-04-29T09:25:52+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/620 Dating of Isnād and Western Scholarship 2020-05-11T04:05:37+00:00 Dr. Alam khan (Assistant Professor, Faculty of Theology, Department of Hadīth, University of Gumushane -TURKEY) alamiiu09@gumushane.edu.tr <p><em>Isnād system is the distinction of Muslim Ummah which is praised by its critics too because it is a source of access to the origin of every information. Muslim scholarship called it religion and did not accept hadith without Isnād . Especially after the first Civil War -when the fabrication of hadīth appeared in Muslim society- the Muhadithūn thoroughly scrutinised the traditions and transmitters to differentiate the authentic Aḥādīth from the weak and fabricated. </em></p> <p><em>On the other hand, when Western scholarship started source criticism, they considered Isnād system as a source of dating Ḥadīth. Therefore, most of their theories and conclusions about the authenticity of Ḥadīth based on it. They put in question the Isnād system as Prophetic Ḥadīth and tried to find out its dating in their studies. Some of them claimed that Muḥadıthūn fabricated it in the second century and onwards while the others argued that it was used after the first half of the first century. However, both considered it later addition to the hadith literature. This study deals with the theories of Western scholars about the dating of Isnād and its comparison with historical facts. </em></p> 2020-03-04T07:51:29+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/517 Shaybānī’s Notion of Authority of Awarding Amān 2020-05-11T04:07:17+00:00 Hamidullah (Lecturer (PhD Scholar) Faculty of Shariah & Law, International Islamic University, Islamabad) Hamidullah.rizwan@iiu.edu.pk <p><em>The nature of relations between Muslims and non-Muslims has always been remained debatable. The notion that Muslim International Law (MIL) does not recognize co-existence of other nation states and it gives non-Muslims only option to embrace Islam. This comprehension is based on low arguments because MIL strives to maintain peaceful relations with non-Muslims and also recognize co-existence of nation states. MIL divides the world into different parts: Dar al-Islām, Dār al-Kufr and Dār al- ‘hd. MIL gives authority to Muslim state as well as Muslim individual to award protection to non-Muslim in both the situations of war and peace. The authority of awarding protection to non-Muslim is called Amān which is discussed by Shaybānī, the founder of MIL. According to Shaybānī, If Amān is demanded by non-Muslims, then Muslims are bound to award them According to him, the authority of Muslim individual to award Amān cannot be snatched by Muslim state. On the other hand, Contemporary International Law (CIL) also recognizes protection of combatants called “Quarter”, protection of homeless people called “refugees” and protection of foreigners called “asylum”. The protection recognizes by CIL is the sole authority of state. This study sums up that the notion of Shaybānī about awarding Amān is quite comprehensive as compare to the concepts of the CIL.</em></p> 2020-03-04T08:23:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/626 The Role Of Islamic Courts In Land Reforms In Pakistan 2020-05-11T04:09:07+00:00 Dr. Ataullah Khan Mahmood (Assistant professor, Shariah & Law, IIU, Islamabad) ataullah.khan@iiu.edu.pk Ghufran Ahmad (PhD Scholar, Shariah & Law, IIU, Islamabad) attorneyghufran@gmail.com <p><em>A vast majority of Muslim scholars opine that land reforms including the fixation of ceiling on individual land-holdings can be carried out without offending any Islamic teachings. Moreover, article 253 of the Constitution empowers the Parliament to prescribe the maximum limits as to property or any class thereof which may be owned, held, possessed or controlled by any person. Likewise, such reforms are considered essential as for as requirements of distributive justice is concerned and to further the desired Islamic goals of social justice, eradication of social evils and to ensure economic well-being of the poor attached to earth. To achieve these desired goals, land reforms laws were introduced in the country. However, the beneficiaries of feudalism and landlordism challenged these laws in the Islamic Courts to protect their vested interests. These judicial forums were split in their findings regarding the fate of these laws. This article analyses the findings of these forums to suggest that weather those who uphold these laws have stronger reasons.</em></p> 2020-03-25T01:27:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/611 Islamic Headscarf Controversy in France 2020-05-11T04:10:17+00:00 Dr. Aamer Raza (Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar) aameraza@gmail.com Dr. Rashid Ahmad (Professor, Shaykh Zayed Islamic Center, University of Peshawar) rashiddir@hotmail.com <p><em>The controversy regarding the French ban on wearing of Islamic scarf in Public spaces has divided the French public for at least two decades. This paper uses culture as an explanatory framework to underscore that the issue of the headscarf has assumed greater significance because it has come to be viewed as a symbol of French Muslim identity. Subsequently, Muslim groups view the exclusion of the scarf from public spaces as exclusion of Muslim identity as part of French social fabric. The paper argues that culture which is the source of the issue also has the potential to resolve the dispute.</em></p> 2020-03-04T08:21:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/348 The Role of Traditional Elders in the Establishment of the law and order in FATA, PAKISTAN 2020-05-11T04:11:24+00:00 Shahid Iqbal (Center for Disaster Preparedness & Management, University of Peshawar) siqbal@uop.edu.pk Dr. Intikhab Alam (Lecturer, Department of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture Peshawar) intikhab@aup.edu.pk <p><em>This study was carried out in Khyber Agency (FATA), with the main objective to determine the tribal thoughts towards the role of traditional elders in the establishment of law and order. The data was collected from randomly selected 380 sampled respondents, which includes people from commerce/trade community, students, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and representatives from political administration was randomly drawn. To see the association between independent and dependent variables chi square statistics was used. The study reveals that the local people were not happy with the Malaks’ role (traditional local leaders) for the reason of their personal interests which sustained their subjugation. It further indicates that the Malaks’ role was weakened by the stronger influence of insurgents and even their tax collection act in view of the prevalent poor law and order situation. However, the Malaks’ role was double-edged as they got benefits from the political administration on the one hand and looked for the insurgents’ help in different issues on the other. Tribal elders remained silent over misdeed in the area. The local Malaks are enjoying like bourgeoisie class as political administration and masses are bound to go in accordance with their directions. They are not facing any kind of accountability for the financial benefits awarded by the political administration. The locals were found with oppressed feelings caused by the suppressive role of Malaks. Frontier crime Regulation (FCR) which is a tribal law has enshrined power to the local Malaks and political administration. The state law, which is not in vogue in the entire tribal belt, was observed as the only mechanism to bring normalcy by narrowing the spectrum of the Malaks’ role and political administration. The local bourgeoisie (Malakān), operating around with all might’s being enjoyed and exercised on their parts through a strong endorsement from the administration needs not to be overlooked. Their role must be defined under the provision of state law enshrined through constitutional cover. This would make them accountable and sense of accountability always brings honesty, dedication and loyalty. Moreover, oppressed feeling surfaced during the study from the local masses regarding the role of these Malak would also brought under the umbrella of check and balance and thus a democratic norms would prevail in aftermath.</em></p> 2020-03-04T08:22:21+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar http://al-idah.szic.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/281 A Comparative Study of Western and Islamic Concept of Human Rights: 2020-05-11T04:12:48+00:00 Prof. Abdul mannan (Professor) abdulmananawan299@gmail.com <p><em>Human Rights have become the most significant issue of the modern history from the Islamic as well as and Western perspectives. It can generally be defined as “those rights that are inherent in human nature and without which human beings cannot live a decent life.” This research paper aims to provide a bulk of knowledge regarding Islamic and western approach of human rights. Despite of wide work on human rights in west for human honor and dignity, there is clear demarcation line between these two wide approaches in origin, sources, theory, practice and ranking as well. Study will examine the thematic approach of universal declaration of human rights and last sermon delivered by Holy Prophet</em><em>ﷺ </em><em>towards better understanding of human rights in modern expression of world. </em></p> 2020-04-13T01:03:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Idah | Shaykh Zayed Islamic Centre, University of Peshawar